Stained glass speaks to what is stained glass and why use stained glass.
It is more contemporary known as coloured glass which are formulated with ingredients that are formulated with ingredients that alter the colour of the glass, can be used in a wide range of artistic and architectural applications.
Glass may be blown, molded, fused and coloured to produce an infinite variety of types of art glass used for decorative and sculptural purposes.
The term can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works produced from it. Throughout its thousand-year history, the term has been applied almost exclusively to the windows of churches and other significant buildings. Although traditionally made in flat panels and used as windows, the creations of modern glass artists also include three-dimensional structures and sculpture.
Modern vernacular usage has often extended the term to include domestic leadlight and objets d'art created from came glasswork exemplified in the famous lamps of Louis Comfort Tiffany.
As a material thisis glass that has been coloured by adding metallic salts during its manufacture. The coloured glass is crafted into glass windows in which small pieces of glass are arranged to form patterns or pictures, held together (traditionally) by strips of lead and supported by a rigid frame. Painted details and yellow stain are often used to enhance the design. The term is also applied to windows in which the colours have been painted onto the glass and then fused to the glass in a kiln.
Thisglass, as an art and a craft, requires the artistic skill to conceive an appropriate and workable design, and the engineering skills to assemble the piece. A window must fit snugly into the space for which it is made, must resist wind and rain, and also, especially in the larger windows, must support its own weight. Many large windows have withstood the test of time and remained substantially intact since the late Middle Ages.
In Western Europe they constitute the major form of pictorial art to have survived. In this context, the purpose of the glass window is not to allow those within a building to see the world outside or even primarily to admit light but rather to control it. For this reason stained glass windows have been described as 'illuminated wall decorations'.
The design of a window may be non-figurative or figurative; may incorporate narratives drawn from the Bible, history, or literature; may represent saints or patrons, or use symbolic motifs, in particular armorial. Windows within a building may be thematic, for example: within a church - episodes from the life of Christ; within a parliament building - shields of the constituencies; within a college hall - figures representing the arts and sciences; or within a home - flora, fauna, or landscape.