Construction Terms Sjklmno
Construction terminology Sjklmno

Construction Terms Sjklmno speaks to construction terms Sjklmno and construction phrases Sjklmno.

It is quite simply a list of common home and commercial building construction terminology used by architects, consultants and contractors of all kinds enabling them to speak the same language.

Skylight A more or less horizontal window located on the roof of a building.

Slab Band A very broad shallow beam used with a one way solid slab.

Slab, Concrete Concrete pavement, i.e. driveways, garages, and basement floors.

Slab, Door A rectangular door without hinges or frame.

Slab On Grade A type of foundation with a concrete floor which is placed directly on the soil. The edge of the slab is usually thicker and acts as the footing for the walls.

Slag Concrete cement that sometimes covers the vertical face of the foundation void material.

Slate A metamorphic form of clay easily split into thin sheets.

Construction Terms SJtoO

Sleeper Usually, a wood member embedded in concrete, as in a floor, that serves to support and to fasten the subfloor or flooring.

Sleeve(s) Pipe installed under the concrete driveway or sidewalk, and that will be used later to run sprinkler pipe or low voltage wire.

Sliding Window A window with one fixed sash and another that moves horizontally in tracks.

Slip Critical Connection A structural steel connection in which the members are clamped together by high strength bolts with sufficient force that the loads on the members are transmitted between them by friction along their mating surfaces also called a friction connection.

Slip Forming Building multistory sitecast concrete walls with forms that rise up the wall as construction progresses.

Slip Sheet A thin sheet of paper, plastic or felt placed between two materials to eliminate friction or bonding of the materials.

Slope The incline angle of a roof surface, given as a ratio of the rise (in inches) to the run (in feet). See also pitch.

Sloped Glazing A system of metal and glass components used to make an inclined, transparent roof, in the International Building Code, glass sloped more than 15 degrees from vertical.

Slump The "wetness" of concrete. A 3 inch slump is dryer and stiffer than a 5 inch slump.

Slump Test A test in which wet concrete or plaster is placed in a cone shaped metal mold of specified dimensions and allowed to sag under its own weight after the cone is removed. The vertical distance between the height of the mold and the height of the slumped mixture is an index of its working consistency.

Slurry A watery mixture of insoluble materials with a high concentration of suspended solids.

Construction Terms SJtoO

Smoke Developed Rating An index of the toxic fumes generated by a material as it burns as determined by ASTM standard E84.

Smoke Shelf The horizontal area behind the damper of a fireplace.

Sodium Borate (SBX) A chemical used to preserve wood against attack by decay and insects.

Soffit The area below the eaves and overhangs. The underside where the roof overhangs the walls. Usually the underside of an overhanging cornice.

Soffit Vent An opening under the eave of a roof used to allow air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing.

Soft Mud Process Making bricks by pressing wet clay into molds.

Softwood Wood from coniferous (evergreen) trees.

Soil Any particulate earth material excluding rock.

Soil Pipe A large pipe that carries liquid and solid wastes to a sewer or septic tank.

Soil Stack A plumbing vent pipe that penetrates the roof.

Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC) The ratio of solar heat admitted through a particular glass to the total heat energy striking the glass.

Construction Terms SJtoO

Solar Reflectance A unitless index ranging from 0 to 1 expressing a materials tendency to absorb or reflect solar radiation also called albedo.

Soldering A low temperature form of brazing.

Soldier A brick laid on its end with its narrow face toward the outside of the wall.

Sole Plate The horizontal piece of dimension lumber at the bottom of the studs in a wall in a light frame building also called a bottom plate.

Solid Bridging A solid member placed between adjacent floor joists near the center of the span to prevent joists or rafters from twisting.

Solid Core Door A flush door with no internal cavities.

Solid Masonry Masonry walls without cavities, historically thick, monolithic masonry walls that rely primarily on their mass for their strength, durability and tempering of the flow of heat and moisture from inside to outside.

Solid Slab A concrete slab without ribs or voids that spans between beams or bearing walls.

Solvent A liquid that dissolves another material.

Sonotube Round, large cardboard tubes designed to hold wet concrete in place until it hardens.

Sound Attenuation Sound proofing a wall or subfloor, generally with fiberglass insulation.

Construction Terms SJtoO

Sound Transmission Class (STC) An index of the resistance of a wall or partition to the passage of sound.

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