Using A Wood Router, Router basics, How to use a router for beginners, Tips for using a router

Speaks to using a wood router, router basics, how to use a router for beginners and tips for using a router.

This site deals with using a wood router and how to choose the correct tool for your applications. The tool is basically a simple portable tool consisting of a high speed motor mounted in a vertical plane on a horizontal base plate.

A chuck on the bottom of its shaft holds sharp cutting bits that may be extended below the base and can be used to cut grooves, trim edges, form recesses, produce moldings. It is used to shape wood.


  • handles
  • motor
  • shaft
  • switch
  • adjusting collar
  • collet nut
  • bits
  • base
  • collet
  • wing nut The power of the router motor determines how deep and how fast it can cut through work. The router may be from ΒΌ HP up to a professional model of 1 HP.
  • The router with its cutter bit operating may be lowered into the work from above and then moved along the path to be shaped or cut or it may move into the work from the edge. The bits are set for depth of cut by an adjustment on the router body.

    As motor shaft, chuck and bit revolve clockwise you should move the tool from left to right. Be aware that the router shaft and bit turn at an extremely high speed cut quickly. Ensure that the bit is locked tightly in the chuck and make sure you keep your fingers well clear.

    When changing bits or cutters make sure the tool is disconnected from its power source and not merely turning the power switch off.

    Suggestions for using a wood router

    When inserting router bits, disconnect the router from the power source. Two wrenches are needed unless your tool has a locking device that prevents the motor shaft from turning. Hold one wrench on the lower nut and adjust the collet nut with the upper wrench.

    To adjust cutting depth place the router on a flat surface and loosen the wing nut and turn the collar until the bit touches the surface. Lift router and turn collar counterclockwise to lower the bit to the desired depth and tighten the wing nut.

    The router guide which is available for most models, keeps the router bit at the exact desired distance from the edge of the work. The guide allows adjustment to and from the router base and is held in place by locking screws. It can ride against the rim of either straight or curved work.

    The router can be used for various cuts, grooving, dadoing, routing and circular groove and rabbeting.

    Bits for using a wood router

    Dovetail which creates strong joints for frames, shelves bookcases and cabinets.

    Spiral which is used for edge smoothing and trimming of plastic laminates and fiber glass.

    Combination panel for veneer trimming and template panel routing.

    V grooving which is used for lettering and sign work as it simulates planks on paneling.

    Straight single flute which is used for general stock removal, grooves, dadoes and rabbets.

    Stair routing which is a stair tread bit for setting steps and riser grooves.

    Rabbeting which is used for step cutting edges for joints in cabinet doors and drawer fronts.

    Cove is used for decorative edges. When used with a matching bit it is used to make drop leaf joints.

    Chamfering is used for angle cuts for concealed joints and decorative edges.

    Beading is used for decorative edges for veneered table tops and other furniture parts.

    Straight which is used for wood and tile inlay in table tops and various game boards.

    Roman ogee is used to cut decorative edges for furniture of different periods.

    Veining which is used for decorative freehand, raised or cut in designs or letters.

    Core box used for fluting and reeding of flat surfaces and general ornament work.

    Maintenance Tools

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